Filling liquids in pressure gauges: Usage and advantages

Liquid-filled pressure gauges are employed in applications that involve high dynamic shock and vibration loading. The filling liquid dampens the vibrations that occur and thus takes the strain off the mechanical components of the pressure gauge.
Pressure gauge with filling liquid ? Vicious of filling liquids
With regards to the operating conditions, glycerine-water mixtures or silicone oils are the most frequently used filling liquids. Glycerine-water is suitable for the majority of applications and ambient temperatures. Particularly for low pressure ranges, it seems sensible to use it, due to the low density of the liquid and the associated low resistance on the pressure element. Silicone oil is primarily relied upon when the pressure gauge is exposed to particularly high (> +60 �C) or very low (< -20 �C) temperatures.
The case of the pressure gauge isn’t completely filled, since, based on humidity and ambient temperature, the filling medium absorbs additional water and expands accordingly. To provide sufficient space because of this expansion and to prevent the case from leaking, the case is only filled to 80% ? 90% by default (see Figure of model 213.53).
Pressure gauge without filling liquid ? result: vibrating pointer
Advantages of filling liquids
The filling liquid dampens any pressure peaks, shocks and vibrations that occur and protects the mechanics of the pressure gauge. Thus, material fatigue and malfunction is counteracted.
A further factor ? decisive for an individual ? would be to ensure the readability of the prevailing pressure. The filling liquid causes the pointer?s motion to be limited, even under severe vibration loads. Without liquid damping, the pointer would not show the actual applied pressure, but rather proceed to and fro in relation to the frequency of the vibrations prevailing in the application. In the event of resonance, a deflection angle of over 180 � could even occur.
Conclusion
Liquid-filled pressure gauges are ideal for many different applications, specifically processes involving shock and vibration.
Note
Should you need any further help or advice for the specific application, your contact will undoubtedly be glad to assist you.
Find out more about advantages and application regions of pressure gauges with liquid filling in the following video:

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