So how exactly does a calorimetric flow switch work?

If the presence of flow in a piping system should be monitored, a calorimetric flow switch ? often known as a flow monitor ? is frequently used. But how does a calorimetric flow switch really work? The following post explains this in more detail.
Calorimetric flow switches, which are often also referred to as thermal flow monitors, utilize the physical laws of heat transport in flows. A distinction is actually made between two technical solutions: continuous and regulated heating.
Schematic illustration of a measuring probe for a calorimetric flow switch
Continuous heating
A flow switch that is based on the calorimetric measuring principle consists of a measuring probe with two temperature sensors built-into it (see illustration). Huge of the sensors is heated continuously with the aid of a built-in heating element (wire-wound) with a continuing heating power and measures the temperature at the heating element. The next sensor determines the temperature of the medium in the pipe. Consequently, a temperature difference occurs between the two sensors, that is registered by the electronics. The higher the flow velocity of the medium in the offing, small this temperature difference is. The basis for this is the cooling aftereffect of flowing media. The molecules in the medium, which are flowing past the probe tip, collect ?packages of heat? and transport them away. The more molecules flow past, the greater the cooling effect. The amount of molecules passing by increases continuously with increasing flow velocity.
Hack heating
The measuring probe is basically identical in design: There are two temperature sensors in the medium, among which may be heated. In this technical solution, the heating power is regulated so that the temperature difference between the two temperature sensors is kept constant throughout. Consequently, because the flow velocity increases, the heating power must be increased to keep the size of the temperature difference constant. The applied heating power is thus a primary way of measuring the flow velocity in the medium.
Note
Do you have further questions on the measuring principle behind the calorimetric flow switch or do you need help with the selection of such a product? In its portfolio, WIKA includes a calorimetric flow switch for monitoring the flow of liquid media (model FSD-3). Your contact person will be happy to help you.

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